Starting a Business in Algeria

1. Obtain an attestation of the uniqueness of the company name
Agency : Commercial Registry (Centre National du Registre du Commerce, CNRC)
The applicant must fill out a form, listing the four proposed company names, and pay a fee for the name search and the fiscal stamp. The Commercial Registry (Centre National du Registre du Commerce, CNRC) conducts a name search and issues a name certificate on the same day.
Since February 2015, the uniqueness of the company name can be checked online through the portal https://sidjilcom.cnrc.dz/web/cnrc/accueil. Although the search and the reservation can be done online, business founders typically conduct these tasks in-person at the CNRC.

1 day DA 800

2. Deposit the start-up capital through a notary public
Agency : Bank
The entrepreneur deposits the capital in the public treasury and obtains a deposit certificate before drawing up the statues.

1 day no charge

3. Obtain the birth certificate of the manager
Agency : Municipality
A copy of the business manager's birth certificate is required for notarization. It can be obtained at the Municipality.

1 day no charge

4. Notarize the company deeds and submit a specimen of managers’ signatures and a lease for the registered office
Agency : Notary Office
Business founders must complete the following procedures with a notary: draw up and notarize the company's constitution documents, submit a specimen of managers’ signatures, and prepare and submit the lease for the registered office of the company.

According to Executive Decree n° 08-243, notary fees are:
-5% if the company capital is between DA 1 - 200,000,
-1% if the company capital is between DA 200,001 - 300,000,
-0.7% if the company capital is between DA 300,001 - 400,000,
-0.6% if the company capital is between DA 400,001 - 500,000,
-0.5% if the company capital is between DA 500,001 - 1,000,000,
-0.5% if the company capital is DA 1,000,000 and above.

5 days see comments

5. Publish a notice of company incorporation at the legal journal (Bulletin Officiel des Annonces légales, BOAL)
Agency : Commercial Registry (Centre National du Registre du Commerce, CNRC)
A notice of company incorporation must be published at the Official Bulletin of Legal Announcements (BOAL). The publication can be requested online through a notary's account at https://sijdilcom.cnrc.dz/. While there is this online option, the majority of entrepreneurs still prefer to go in person.
The cost for the online publication is DA 3,000 per page + DA 55 for publication rights per page. Two pages must be published, in French and Arabic.

1 day DA 3,000 per page + DA 55 for publication rights

6. Apply for company registration at the Commercial Registry
Agency : Commercial Registry (Centre National du Registre du Commerce, CNRC)
Entrepreneurs must register the company before the Commercial Registry. This must be done within two months of the formation of the company and it can be done online, while it is most common to apply in person. According to Law No. 04-08 (April 14, 2004), registration is completed within 1 day. However, in practice it still takes 2 days to obtain the final registration certificate. Registration fees are as follows:

- DA 9,472 if the company capital is between DA 30,001 and DA 100,000
- DA 9,872 if the company capital is between DA 100,001 and DA 300,000
- DA 10,112 if the company capital is more than DA 300,000

2 days see comments

7. Pay the stamp duty and obtain a receipt
Agency : Tax Authority and Commercial Registry (Centre National du Registre du Commerce, CNRC)
One must pay for the stamp duty. Fiscal stamps are sealed at the fiscal administration. Other stamps are paid at the CNRC.

1 day (simultaneously with previous procedure) DA 4,000

8. Register for Income tax, Corporate tax and VAT with the local tax inspectorate
Agency : Tax Authority
The entrepreneur must register for Income tax (Impôt sur le revenu global des personnes physiques, IRG), Corporate tax (Impôt sur les bénéfices des personnes morales ou des sociétés, IBS), and VAT.
Upon registration, the Tax Authority shall issue a certificate of existence between 2 and 5 days and a tax card (magnetic card) within a minimum period of 30 days (loi n° 05-16 du 31 décembre 2005 portant loi de finances pour 2006 (JO n° 85 du 31 décembre 2005)).

2 days no charge

9. Register at the National Health Insurance Authority (CNAS)
Agency : National Health Insurance Authority (Caisse Nationale des Assurances Sociales des Travailleurs Salariés, CNAS)
Employees must be registered by the new company before the Caisse Nationale des Assurances Sociales des Travailleurs Salariés (CNAS), which receives employee declarations.
The employer must report any new employee to the relevant authority within 10 days of hiring.

1 day no charge

10. Register at the National Non-Salary Workers' Social Security Fund (CASNOS)
Agency : National Non-Salary Workers' Social Security Fund (Caisse Nationale de Sécurité Sociale des Non Salariés, CASNOS)
Business founders must register before the Caisse Nationale de Sécurité Sociale des Non Salariés (CASNOS), which receives and register employer declarations.

1 day no charge

11. Make a company seal
Agency : Private sector
A company seal must be obtained. The cost of obtaining a company seal depends on the type of seal, its quality and the price established by the private seal maker.

2 days DA 1,800

12. Have the company’s accounting books stamped at the court
Agency : Court
The accounting and inventory books must be stamped when the company starts its business activity.

1 day DA 8,000

(World Bank Group on Doing Business Report)